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RESILIENCERESILIENCE RENSSELAERPRESIDENTSREPORT2015 THE ESSENCE OF RESILIENCE IS A COMBINATION OF FLEXIBILITY AND ENDURANCE. At Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute we consider the challenges humanity faces with keen attention the intricate linked problems of climate change and our food water and energy supplies issues in national and global security given the rise of non-state actors such as ISIL progress that must be made in promoting human health and combating infectious diseases such as Ebola on a global scale and our great need for systems and infrastructure that are durable sustainable and uplifting to the people who use them. The magnitude of these interconnected challenges and the risks they create of intersecting vulnerabilities with cascading consequences demand that we focus our research effort at Rensselaer on resilience. This year we began a new tradition of establishing an annual theme for communitywide consideration and our inaugural theme very appropriately is resilience. We are asking our faculty students and staff to deliberate the meaning of resilience and ways to augment their own professional and personal resilience so that ultimately they are able to build strength into social economic and physical systems worldwide. Resilience is the ability to maintain integrity in the face of setbacks and shocks. In nature when a tree is struck by high winds it is able to bend rather than break. In the man-made world skyscrapers continue to stand after earthquakes thanks to advanced engineering that allows them to flex while remaining strong. Individuals are able to maintain their ethics and principles even as they experience both expected changes and dramatic surprises if they are both open-minded and steadfast. Systems and organizations may persist through large shifts in culture demographics economics and customsprovided that they can adapt without surrendering their values. The essence of resilience in all these instances is a combination of flexibility and endurance. By these criteria Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute certainly is resilient. Across our nearly 200-year history we regularly have rethought and reorganized in order to lead the way into the futurewhile maintaining the founding mission of the Institute which remains as relevant as ever. Today as we always have we strive for knowledge and thoroughness and develop brilliant young people prepared to apply science and technology to the common purposes of life. At the same time we embody a new vision for Rensselaer that we term The New Polytechnic in which the Institute serves as a great crossroads for talented people in all disciplines and from across the globe. We convene them so that together they can use the most advanced technologies emerging from our laboratories to find new answers to old problems. We are particularly alert to the opportunities arising in all fields from advances in computation and the flood of data humanity is generating about itself and our world. As The New Polytechnic we bring together and integrate perspectives previously thought to be unrelatedand in the process create new realms of endeavor and exploration. We engineer the programs platforms and partnerships that allow brilliant researchers to join forces and to establish new paradigms. We undergird them as they help the world to withstand the winds of change. As always it is science and technology that will enable humanity to recover from abrupt shocks and to turn around adverse trendsto identify new possibilities within themand to open up in their aftermath expansive new prospects for health hope and happiness around the globe. Shirley Ann Jackson Ph.D. President Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute We are re-envisioning a Rensselaer education within a paradigm we call The New Polytechnic. 14 A team of Rensselaer researchers has developed a technique to more efficiently produce large quantities of the fatty acids that form the basis of compounds used in biofuels medicine and commodity chemical production. A new study from bio- medical engineers at Rensselaer demonstrates how the compound N-phenacylthiazolium bromide or PTB dissolves the sugary impurities with- in bone tissue that cause femurs fibulas and other bones to become more fragile. The research could lead to new strategies for preventing bone fractures in the elderly. According to the TOP500 list which ranks the worlds most powerful supercomputers the petascale supercomputing system at Rensselaer is the 43rd most powerful system in the world and is No.1 among supercom- puters at private American academic institutions. Rensselaer receives funding from the National Institutes of Health to unravel some of the biggest mysteries of the human heart Researchers are seeking molecular causes of hypertrophic cardiomy- opathy or enlarged heart disease. The Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies celebrates its 10th anniver- sary with a symposium on the intersection of engineering biomedicine and health care. Rensselaer once again ranks among the best universities in the United States according to the annual list of college rank- ings released by U.S. News World Report. Rensselaer ranked 42 among all national universities. Rensselaer professor edits anthology of Worlds Fair scholarship topic is part of new HASS Inquiry curriculum. A team of researchers at Rensselaer develops a new material that addresses limitations inherent in current lithium-ion technology. The National Science Foundation awards 15 million to a team of environmental and earth science data researchers including researchers at Rensselaer who are providing tools and infra- structure that improve access to vast amounts of scientific data. The Helen-Jo and John E. Kelly III 78 Data Visualization Laboratory opens. The laboratory was built to support the Jefferson Project at Lake Georgea collaboration between Rensselaer IBM and The FUND for Lake George to gain an unprec- edented understanding of the complex systems that operate within and around Lake George. A multi-university research team led by Rensselaer receives a 1 million grant from the U.S. National Institutes of Health to conduct clinical trials of their closed-loop artificial pancreas for individuals with Type 1 diabetes. The Rensselaer community gathered to commemorate the founding of the Institute with a celebration including the annual weR Bright tree-lighting ceremony. New York State Stem Cell Science awards a four-year 498000 grant to Rensselaer to support Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics STEM training for high school students. JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC A team at Rensselaer and Rockefeller University is develop- ing a system that would make it possi- ble to remotely control biological targets in living animalsrap- idly without wires implants or drugs. In a technical report published in Nature Medicine the team describes successfully using electromagnetic waves to turn on insulin production to lower blood sugar in diabetic mice. The Rensselaer Plan 2024 is the strategic roadmap that will enable us to realize The New Polytechnic through innovative pedagogy global challenge linked research and a transformative student experience. The New Polytechnic brings people together across disciplines geographies sectors cultures regions ethnicities religions genders and perspectives using the latest most advanced tools technologies and approaches undergirded by humane empathic and ethical principles. The New Polytechnic is guided by the global and interconnected challenges facing humanity including supplies of food water energy a changing climate and rising sea levels human health and the mitigation of disease the allocation of valuable natural resources the need for a sustainable infra- structure and national and global security. These challenges are too sprawling and too networked to be successfully addressed by a single discipline sector nation or even geographic region working alone. Our graduates will play leadership roles in finding solutions for these challenging issues. In order to do that Rensselaer must engender in them intellectual agility multicultural sophistication and a global view in order to create leaders who will work together to solve the great global challenges of our time. 15 According to a new study conducted by the Center for Governmental Research for the Commission on Independent Colleges and Universities the economic impact of Rensselaer on the Capital Region was more than 1 billion in 2013 representing an increase of 300 million over the last eight years. With over 6600 students and thousands of visitors annu- ally the student and visitor impact was estimated to be 61.3 million in 2013. JAN FEB MAR MAY JUN APR The Army Research Laboratory renews its multimillion-dollar support of the Network Science Collaborative Technology Alliance NS CTA a consortium of three industrial research labs and 14 universities including Rensselaer. The NS CTA was formed in 2009 to advance the study of network science. Research conducted by an international team led by Professor Heidi Newberg shows that the Milky Way is at least 50 percent larger than was estimated according to new findings that reveal that the galactic disk is contoured into several concentric ripples. A team of researchers is collaborating with Walt Disney Imagineering to explore how the cogni- tive computing technol- ogy being developed at Rensselaer can help enhance the experience of visitors to theme parks cruise ships and other venues. The National Science Foundation awards a three-year 650000 grant to Rensselaer to develop Geo Explorer a mixed-reality and mobile game that will allow engineering students to inspect design and test flood protection systems virtually. The Princeton Review again names the Games and Simulation Arts and Sciences program as one of the top 25 video game design programs. Rensselaer is No. 11 on the list this year. A team of Rensselaer math students places third after MIT and Harvard out of more than 430 teams in the William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition known as the most pres- tigious pure mathematics competition in North America. With a 1.3 million grant from the Air Force Research Laboratory researchers will explore the design and potential of next-generation super- computers that incorporate a highly efficient neuro- morphic processor which more closely represents the human brain in its architectural design. The Institute announces launch of a spring admis- sion program to provide a unique pathway for a select group of outstanding and mature students to study at Rensselaer. The Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program has ranked Rensselaer in the 99th percentile in its report on value-added measures of the economic impact of colleges. A 2 million grant from the National Science Foundation will allow researchers to explore the structure and capa- bilities of transition metal dichalcogenides layered nanomaterials with intriguing optical and electronic properties. A team including researchers at Rensselaer has discovered an innova- tive approach to the optofluidic fabrication process. The research is important for the biomed- ical field since it can be used to create functional particles for drug delivery and vascularized tissue constructs. Breathing Lights a regional submission by the cities of Albany Schenectady and Troy has been selected to receive up to 1 million as part of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Public Art Challenge. Partners include the Lighting Research Center at Rensselaer. So much of research is about creating change often disruptive change that it is easy to forget that the whole enterprise is built upon a foundation that is largely unchanging. The scientific method and how it informs experimentation and the formulation of knowledge is centuries old. Respect for alternate points of view and accepting evidence-based changes to theories and scientific understanding is an essential value of research. In addition peer review has long been the standard for assessing and vetting results the formulation of ideas and identifying work that might be needed to better substantiate claims. Along with the review every important result that comes out of published research faces challenges. Institutionally results need to be replicated and confirmed independently. Work is performed according to a body of accepted practices and every aspect is open to criticism. With research we combine reaching toward the future with a dedication to processes and principles that have stood the test of time. This is why across generations and cultures research continues to bring new knowledge and benefits to humanity. When you stand on solid ground you can be more audacious. You can entertain difficult questions work in the spaces between disciplines and dare to participate fully in formulating solutions that shape our time. Because Rensselaer is especially attuned to the demands of research its values permeate our community. Our faculty staff students and alumni and alumnae confidently proceed into challenging areas without hesitation. We resist the urge to follow fashion or to chase the next big thing. Our interest is always measured by attention to a larger context and wisdom about what experience has taught us. The work we choose to do has benefits beyond specific project results. We also build new promising capabilities for Rensselaerboth in terms of investments in our people and in creating resources aimed at the future. Work that matters at the leading edge of the most promising fields is built upon principles and practices that assure its value and perpetuate success in our endeavors to be innovative. 0405 When you stand on solid ground you can be more audacious. r e s e a r c h WHERE THE CARBON GOESTHOUGH CARBON DIOXIDE IS AT RECORD LEVELS higher than at any time since humans existed ages ago the levels were higher. What caused them to plunge back then was the action of diatoms microscopic algae that are still at work absorbing carbon dioxide today. A team of researchers including Rensselaer professor Morgan Schaller assistant professor of earth and environmental sciences has used mathematical modeling to show that continental erosion over the last 40 million years has contributed to the success of diatoms a group of tiny marine algae. Diatoms consume 70 million tons of carbon from the worlds oceans daily producing organic matter a portion of which sinks and is buried in deep ocean sediments. Diatoms account for over half of organic carbon burial in marine sediments. In a mechanism known as the oceanic biological pump the diatoms absorb and bury carbon then atmospheric carbon dioxide dif- fuses into the upper ocean to compensate for that loss of carbon reducing the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. In their work the researchers used a mathematical model in which diatoms and radiolarians compete for silicic acid to show that the observed reduction in the weight of radiolarian tests is insufficient to explain the rise of diatoms. Using the lithium isotope record of seawater as a proxy of silicate rock weathering and erosion they calculated changes in the input flux of silicic acid to the oceans. Their results indicate that the long-term massive erosion of continental silicates was critical to the subse- quent success of diatoms in marine ecosystems over the last 40 million years and suggest an increase in the strength and efficiency of the oceanic biological pump over this period. What we really have here is a double whammy The chemical breakdown of rocks on land efficiently consumes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and those minerals are delivered to the ocean basins by rivers where in this case they fueled the massive expansion of diatoms said Schaller. Diatoms are photosynthetic so they also consume atmospheric carbon diox- ide. The combination of both of these effects may help explain the drastic decrease in atmospheric carbon dioxide over the last 35 million years that has plunged us into the current condition where we have glacial ice cover at both of the poles. 0607 Fossildiatomlightmicrograph.Diatomsareagroupofphotosyntheticsingle-celledalgaecontainingabout10000species.Thecharacteristicfeatureofdiatomsistheirintricatelypatternedglass-likecellwallorfrustule.Thefrustuleoftenhasrowsoftinyholesknownasstriae. RESTORING FUNCTION AFTER DAMAGE TO THE SPINAL CORD has been a problem that has vexed researchers for decades. After developing an inno- vative approach Ryan Gilbert associate professor of biomedical engineering is set to begin research that could give hope to the thousands of Americans who sustain life-changing spinal cord injuries each year thanks to a 1.3 million award from the National Institutes of Health NIH. The five-year grant will further Gilberts efforts to change cell behavior after spinal cord injury to enable and promote nerve regeneration. Gilbert and his research team are developing biomaterials that change the behavior of astrocytes following spinal cord injury. Astrocytes are star- shaped cells of the central nervous system. After spinal cord injury they form a cellular barrier around the injury site to protect it and contain the damage. However the barrier also disrupts cell regeneration increasing the likelihood that the spinal cord damage will be permanent. Gilbert and his team demonstrated that electrospun fiber scaffolds made of biomaterial could prompt astrocytes to behave differentlyto display markers supportive of axonal regeneration. The NIH grant will help the researchers more fully understand the astrocyte response to the fibers test them in animals with spinal cord injury and hopefully help restore function. Based on the data we have thus far Im confi- dent that these fibers change astrocytes in positive waysto support axonal regeneration instead of impeding regeneration Gilbert said. That has far-reaching implications for those who have spinal cord or other traumatic neural injuries. Every year about 12000 Americans sustain spinal cord injuries that result in partial or complete paralysis below the injury site. Many of these people are searching for even the smallest reason to hope Gilbert said. Within the next 10 years or so I anticipate so many positive outcomes for those with spinal cord injuriesand thats great news. A BRIDGE TO HOPE SOMETIMES GOOD BIOLOGY GOES BAD. The so-called Hedgehog pathway is critical to normal development. But in adults the pathway if reactivated may lead to uncontrolled cell growth and proliferation in cancer according to Chunyu Wang associate professor of biological sciences and a member of the Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies. His teams research suggests zinc deficiencylong associated with numerous diseases including autism lung cancer prostate cancer and ovarian cancercan lead to activation of the Hedgehog signaling pathway a biomolecular pathway that plays essential roles in developing organisms and in diseases. The Hedgehog pathway is a key regulator of cell growth and development that helps to establish the body plan of all animals with bilateral symmetry. In a critical step that launches Hedgehog signaling the Hedgehog precursor protein divides itself or self-cleaves into two parts the Hedgehog ligand responsible for signaling and a catalytic domain responsible for the self-cleavage. No external catalyst is needed in the autoprocessing reaction with the Hedgehog catalytic domain acting as the catalyst in the transformation. The research included testing in vitro and in cell culture using astrocytes star-shaped cells found in the brain. Using solution NMR nuclear magnetic resonance researchers also examined zinc interaction with the Hedgehog catalytic domain to determine the binding site of zincthe specific amino acids within the protein to which the zinc binds. Researchers demonstrated that zinc when present binds to the active sites of the catalytic domain and inhibits the auto- processing and therefore the generation of the Hedgehog ligand. Zinc deficiency is correlated with autism and many cancers however the exact relationship between a lack of zinc and the development of disease is not fully understood. Normally in adults zinc will inhibit the production of the Hedgehog ligand and therefore inhibit the Hedgehog pathway said Wang. But if there is a zinc deficiency the pathway can be activated due to enhanced production of Hedgehog ligand. We show that zinc inhibits this autoprocessing reaction from the precursor to the ligand providing an additional mechanism of how zinc deficiency may promote cancer development. This is something that nobody else has shown before. Zinc and Hedgehog are essential and extremely versatile biomolecules linking these two will have profound implications for normal physiology and disease. 0809 CANCER CLUE THINK ZINC ZnZinc 30 A FLOOD OF INSIGHTSLEARNING ABOUT LAKES which are under siege from a growing list of threats is key to our understanding of the fragility of our environment and how to manage a scarce resource freshwater. The Jefferson Project at Lake George combines advanced data analytics computing and data visualization techniques new scientific and experimental methods 3-D computer modeling and simulation and historical data to gain an unprecedented scientific under- standing of the lake. Currently key models are being developed and combined to provide the essential insights we need to be better stewards of these important bodies of freshwater which are precious to people essential to life and drive the economy. Using IBMs Deep Thunder system the projects weather model has improved its resolution with two-day forecasts now being made twice daily with greater accuracy at more than half-mile intervals for precipitation temperature wind speed wind chill and direction humidity visibility and more. Its water runoff model which maps the flow of precipitation and snow melt now utilizes improved six-foot resolution top- ographical data of the lakes watershed through the utilization of aircraft-based LiDAR surveying mapping technology. The salt model provides the first-ever assessment of the relative amounts of road salt deposited in the lake from various local roadways in the Lake George watershed. It identifies and compares more than six dozen locations around the lake where the application of salt to roads 1011 01 The Jefferson Project is housed at the Rensselaer Darrin Fresh Water Institute DFWI on Lake George. 02 Rensselaer trustee John E. Kelly III Class of 1978 and his wife gave a major gift to support ongoing research at the 2000-square-foot Helen-Jo and John E. Kelly III 78 Data Visualization Laboratory at the DFWI. 03 Advanced sensors were placed throughout the lake to collect massive amounts of data about the lake the way water flows into and circulates throughout it and the plants and animals that live in it. That data is streamed into the new Data Visualization Laboratory in real-time for analysis. 04 Both aerial and boat-based surveys were done to develop an accurate computer model of water circulation within the Lake George watershed. 05 The projects partners will combine biological data with the circulation and other models to create a food web model that simulates the biological impacts physical and chemical changes have on fish and other species in the lake. may cause the greatest contamination to the lake and surrounding area. The water circulation model has improved its resolution of the 200-foot-deep lake with new high-resolution bathymetry from a recent hydrographic survey. The second- generation model uses 468 million depth measurements from the new surveya vast improvement over the first-generation model which relied on only 564 depth measurements over the entire lake. These four models together with Rensselaers food web model which examines how the lakes ecosystem is affected by nature and human activities comprise the interconnect- ed environmental management system which is the heart of the project. The food web model also is being further calibrated with extensive surveys of the lakes algae plants and animals. The Jefferson Project provides the unique opportunity for biologists and environmental scientists to work closely with engineers physicists computer scientists and meteorolo- gists to understand large lakes at a level of detail and inten- sity that is simply unprecedented said Rick Relyea director of the Jefferson Project at Lake George Rensselaer professor of biology and the David M. Darrin 40 Senior Endowed Chair. Together we will make tremendous inroads into understanding how lakes naturally behave and how human activities alter biodiversity the functioning of freshwater ecosystems and overall water quality. 03 01 02 04 05 OUR NEIGHBORHOOD THE MILKY WAY turns out to be 50 percent bigger than we thought it was. Where did all this extra space come from New findings show that the galactic disk is contoured into several concentric ripples. This discovery was made thanks to research conducted by an international team and led by Heidi Jo Newberg professor of physics applied physics and astronomy. In essence what we found is that the disk of the Milky Way isnt just a disk of stars in a flat planeits corrugated Newberg said. As it radiates outward from the sun we see at least four ripples in the disk of the Milky Way. While we can only look at part of the galaxy with this data we assume that this pattern is going to be found throughout the disk. The scientists revisited astronomical data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey SDSS. Their findings show that the features previously identified as rings are actually part of the galactic disk extending the known width of the Milky Way from 100000 light years across to 150000 light years. It may well be that there are more ripples further out that we have not yet seen. The research was cited as one of Discover Magazines Top 100 Science Stories for 2015. This new research builds upon a 2002 finding in which Newberg established the existence of the Monoceros Ring an over-density of stars at the outer edges of the galaxy that bulges above the galactic plane. At the time Newberg noticed evidence of another over-density of stars between the Monoceros Ring and the sun but was unable to investigate 1213 SIZING UP THE MILKY WAY further. With more data available from the SDSS researchers recently returned to the mystery. I wanted to figure out what that other over-density was Newberg said. These stars had previously been considered disk stars but the stars dont match the density distribution you would expect for disk stars so I thought well maybe this could be another ring or a highly disrupted dwarf galaxy. Newberg and her collaborators used data from the SDSS to show an oscillating asymmetry in the main sequence star counts on either side of the galactic plane starting from the sun and looking outward from the galactic center. In other words when we look outward from the sun the mid-plane of the disk is perturbed up then down then up and then down again. The findings support other recent research including a theoretical finding that a dwarf galaxy or dark matter lump passing through the Milky Way would produce a similar rippling effect. In fact the ripples ultimately might be used to measure the lumpiness of dark matter in our galaxy. Its very similar to what would happen if you throw a pebble into still waterthe waves will radiate out from the point of impact said Newberg. If a dwarf galaxy goes through the disk it would gravitationally pull the disk up as it comes in and pull the disk down as it goes through and this will set up a wave pattern that propagates outward. If you view this in the context of other research thats emerged in the past two to three years you start to see a picture is forming. IN CHARACTERSTORIES ENGAGE US TEACH US AND IGNITE OUR IMAGINATIONS. They touch us emotionally when we believe in the characters and empathize with them. Such characters create an essential part of the magic for Disney experiences in venues like their theme parks and cruise ships and building better characters is the goal of an interdisciplinary team of researchers at Rensselaer and Walt Disney Imagineering Research Developmentpart of the theme park design and development arm of the Walt Disney Company. The teams research centers on a range of cognitive computing technologies. These include information extraction techniques to help computers better understand words written or spoken by a human as well as agent-based techniques for investigat- ing how computers and humans can engage in more natural conversations. Leading the project for Rensselaer is James Hendler Tetherless World Senior Constellation Professor and director of the Rensselaer Institute for Data Exploration and Applications IDEA. An expert in web science big data and artificial intelligence Hendler said the collaboration with Disney is an important step forward for all of the data-related research taking place as part of the Rensselaer IDEA. Unstructured data that is the information inherent in written texts and spoken dialogue is an increasingly important part of the big data landscape Hendler said. Our goal in this project is to work with Walt Disney Imagineering Research Development Inc. to transform the leading-edge tools and techniques into fully developed applications that will help make the Disney experience even more enjoyable for people and families around the world. We look forward to an incredible collaboration with Walt Disney Imagineering Research Development Inc. 1415 A NEW DAY FOR DIABETES PATIENTS IS A STEP CLOSER thanks to the advent of human testing of an insulin-delivering device developed at Rensselaer. A multi-university research team led by Rensselaer has received a 1 million grant from the U.S. National Institutes of Health NIH to conduct clinical trials of their closed-loop artificial pancreas for individuals with Type 1 diabetes. These clinical trials will be critical for building upon our initial results and collecting data that will enable us to improve and optimize the artificial pancreas system said B. Wayne Bequette a professor in the Howard P. Isermann Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering and associate director of the Center for Automation Technologies and Systems. Nearly 20000 young people in the United States are diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes every year. For these individuals their pancreas no longer produces sufficient insulin to regulate their blood glucose level. The artificial pancreas regulates blood glucose levels in patients by automatically adjusting and administering insulin to individuals with Type 1 diabetes alleviating the need for frequent injections and blood tests. An artificial pancreas that automatically compensates for exercise and meals while maintaining desirable blood glucose concentrations without the need for patient inter- vention would greatly change the treatment of diabetes said Bequette. Better more precise control of blood sugar levels would lead to significant lifestyle improve- ments and a reduced chance of medical complications for most people with diabetes. Bequette who has been developing the closed-loop artifi- cial pancreas for several years is teaming with researchers from Stanford University the University of Colorado and the University of Virginia to advance the system. Bequettes artificial pancreas pairs an insulin pump with a continuous blood glucose monitor which works in conjunction with a feedback controllerforming a closed-loop. A diabetic would wear this device at all times with a needle inserted just under the skin in order to regulate his or her glucose levels. When the device senses the blood sugar getting high it automatically administers insulin. Inversely the device cuts off the insulin pump to avoid hypoglycemia. Another important aspect of the system is a smartphone app that allows patients to input the timing and carbohydrate intake of their meals. The researchers plan to add an accelerometer to the system in order to measure a patients physical activityor if the patient is sleepingand adjust insulin delivery appropriately. The three-year study funded by the NIH National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases will test the artificial pancreas system in a group of patients with Type 1 diabetes. The study will begin with 12 patients using the system in a hospital setting and progress to a group of 18 patients using the system at home for two weeks. PANCREAS 1.1 THE COMPONENTS OF YOUR BRAIN ARE POWERFUL SUBTLE AND COMPLETELY DIFFERENT FROM THOSE IN TODAYS COMPUTERS. But with the development of neuromorphic processorschips that emulate neurons the next generation of computers will have new capabilities some resembling our own. The expected payoff will be entirely new approaches to solving difficult problems. With a 1.3 million grant from the Air Force Research Laboratory researchers at Rensselaer will explore the design and potential of next-generation supercomputers that incorporate a highly efficient neuromorphic processor. Neuromorphic computing is built on a computational model patterned on the human brain incorporating an inter- connected network of nodes or neurons that make it possible to encode information far more efficiently than classic computer chips. Computers that incorporate a neuromorphic approach excel at pattern recognition with far less energy usage and heat than conventional chips and have the potential to overcome looming barriers to increased computing speed. In particular the researchers expect a neuromorphic processor could excel at identifying and responding to error messages and in processing sensor image and video data. Although computer scientists have used algorithms to approximate neuromorphic computing an approach commonly called a neural net IBM only recently built the first neuromorphic chip as part of a DARPA-funded research effort. The Rensselaer researchers will base their work on the specifications of IBMs True North neuromorphic processor and simulation development kit. In the Rensselaer project researchers will use the Institutes supercomputer AMOS to simulate a hybrid supercomputer built with neuromorphic as well as classical computing processors testing various network designs and the resulting outcomes to applications. AMOS will run massively parallel simulations of proposed neuromorphic supercomputer designs. The simulation will allow them to explore a single node comprised of a CPU GPU and neuromorphic processor as well as the network of the system and the higher-level architecture of the design. Their design will incorporate a series of learning algo- rithms specific to the incorporation of the neuromorphic chip according to James Hendler director of the Rensselaer Institute for Data Exploration and Applications IDEA. Our goal is not just to explore the architecture of a potential next-generation machine said Hendler an expert in artificial intelligence and cognitive computing but also to explore how such a machine can be used to tackle the hard science and engineering problems arising in our increasingly data-rich world. Were actually using a supercomputer to simulate another supercomputer that doesnt even exist said Christopher Carothers professor of computer science and director of the Center for Computational Innovations. Its a great use of supercomputing technology because we can take advantage of its power to run accurate simulations at a finer more granular level than can be built. The questions were asking are What if future supercomputer designs were to have several embedded neuromorphic processors said Carothers. How would you design that computer And what new capabilities would it offer A BRAIN MODELED ON YOURS 1617 MOST PEOPLE SEE FOOD AND CLOTHING AS DISTINCT ENTITIES THAT HELP SUPPORT HUMAN LIFE. Nancy Diniz assistant professor of architecture at the Rensselaer Center for Architecture Science and Ecology CASE views them as intertwined. Recently she and three summer research students applied her boundary-defying research to building a prize-winning prototype of a product that can be worn slept in and eaten. The item a waterproof jacket built from materials found in mushrooms earned Diniz and the students honorable mention in a competition sponsored by Social Cooperation Architects SCoopA. As a result posters of the jacket built by Diniz and students Boqun Huai Anqi Huo and Alexandria Frisbie were exhibited at the Milano Expo 2015. The challenge was suited perfectly to Diniz an architect who teaches Materials Systems and Productions at CASE and with Rensselaers Geofutures graduate program. Her research and teaching interests question boundaries between design disci- plinesfashion product computer science and architecture. With an eye toward minimizing the impact on the environ- ment shetogether with colleagues and Ph.D. students at CASEis developing processes to put biomaterials to mul- tiple uses. She sees her role as working across the disciplines and influencing her students to advance uses of biomaterials. Growing materials is a very beautiful and fascinating pro- Mycelium Pocket as Fabric and Protection Gelatine Coating as Natural Preservative Concentrated Nutrition Pocket Opening Naturally Degradable Mycelium back Layer Sun-dried and Preserved Edible Layer Rice cookie provides 700 calories for a survival daily diet intake Degradable Mycelium Front Layer Mycelium Textile Pocket for Seeds 40 Edible Pockets 30 Seed Pockets DELICIOUS DESIGN SOLUTIONcess and I believe it is an important skill for future designers to develop she notes. One of the reasons materials are not manufactured in greater scale is that the manufacturing process is so complicated at least at the moment. For the SCoopA competition she and the students devised the MUSHRICE Series which grows a waterproof material from mycelium a fungus found in mushrooms mixed with latex in a tessellated textile. Over just two weeks they designed and prototyped what can best be described as a poncho that can be worn used as a blanket and then eaten. They did so by baking the mycelium of mushrooms to grow a durable textile. Diniz notes that exploring biomaterials is an important area of research at CASE. In addition to mushrooms she has worked with corn and flax and has collaborated with Ecovative Design the company started by Rensselaer students who developed an insulation using mushrooms. Diniz wanted to apply the process to creating a textile. Inspired by the topic of the competition I wanted to play with the idea of wearing sitting on and eating one material says Diniz. In my research I focus on multi-scalar materials that one can use as garment and product design but which can sense both the environment and the body. Eventually we can prototype it as an architectural surface too. THE DISCOVERY OF A NEW TYPE OF THERMAL RADIA- TION is reshaping our understanding of light and suggesting cheaper easier ways to convert sunlight to electricity. Nano-photonics expert and physics professor Shawn-Yu Lin has found a new type of thermal radiationin between the two extremes of blackbody radiation and laser light. This third light is promising because it possesses some of the more favorable traits of both blackbody radiation and laser light. Thermal radiation impacts every aspect of daily life. Two of the best-known examples are the light emitted from the sun and from incandescent light bulbs. In both cases the light is classified as blackbody radiation. It is random and broad spectrum difficult to harness but easy to produce. In contrast laser light is coherent and directional but difficult to create. Lins newly discovered light is sharp and quasi-coherent and can be produced relatively easily and inexpensively. He and his team demonstrated repeatedly that a 3-D metallic photonic crystal could be made to give off electromagnetic radiation at levels much higher than those predicted by Plancks Law. Proposed in 1900 by Max Planck the law states that there is an upper limit to the intensity of the radia- tion that a blackbody can emit. Furthermore that intensity is steady and determined only by the wavelength of the radiation and the temperature of the blackbody. In Lins experiments the radiation given off by the photonic crystal exceeded that limit at three different wavelengths and a broad range of temperatures. In addition the photonic crystal emitted radiation in a sharp discrete spectruma finding that could improve the efficiency of solar conversion. Lins discovery could contribute to a cheaper easier solution for converting sunlight to electricity. Right now solar efficiency is limited by solar radiations very broad spectrum from ultraviolet to infrared Lin explained. The solar cell only responds to certain wavelengths on the spectrum. The rest of the energy is lost. His discoveries raise the prospect of using 3-D photonic crystals and the process developed by his research team to convert broad-spectrum solar light to sharp emissions of no more than a few colorsall of which could be absorbed and converted by the solar cell. 01 Scanning electron micrograph of a human transplanted regulatory T cell from the immune system of a healthy donor. Credit National Institutes of Health. 02 Shawn-Yu Lins discovery raises the prospect of using three-dimensionalphotonicscrystals and a new process developed by his team to more easily convert sunlight to electricity. A NEW LIGHT T CELLS ONE OF THE WORKHORSES OF THE BODYS IMMUNE SYSTEM hold the promise of more effectively fight- ing diseases provided they are given a little help. A team of researchersincluding Juergen Hahn professor and head of the Department of Biomedical Engineeringis set to inves- tigate using transplanted regulatory T cells Tregs to reduce inflammation in diseases like inflammatory bowel disease which has no known viable treatment options thanks to a 2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health NIH. The challenge the researchers face is that the transplanted cells are not very stable and may end up contributing to inflammation rather than combating inflammation accord- ing to Hahn. We propose to condition the regulatory T cells by exposing them to various conditions prior to transplanta- tion such that their stability is increased and we expect that this will make them more potent in combating inflammation. Our goal is to transplant conditioned Tregs into a host for therapeutic inhibition of inflammation. The project will combine computational research at Rensselaer with research in vitro and in vivo at two Texas AM University research laboratories. The team will create a computational model able to predict Tregs induction function and stability. That model will be used to develop treatment regimens that use transplanted Tregs to inhibit inflammation providing new treatment options for a variety of diseases characterized by excessive inflammation. TUNING T CELLS 1819 01 02 Perhaps the biggest challenge to demonstrating resilience in leadership is dealing with the unexpected. While it is not trivial to have backup plans and resources in place for changes that have a high probabilitysuch as a period of economic declineresponding to new technologies changing alliances cultural revolutions reframed expectations and ideas and discoveries that alone or in combination are transformative is something else. The most important work a leader engages in that is aimed at handling unexpected change is putting together a team that respects both those who advocate on behalf of tradition and values and those who are enthusiastic about embracing change. Such a team can provide help in sensing change determining options and planning responses. The leader then must be open to both perspectives while at the same time having a clear vision of the choices available and how they come together to define key decisions. The resilient leader also looks across the organization with an eye toward fostering flexibility and inventivenessbuilt on a solid foundation of knowledge judgment and practice. The ultimate goal of this work is building resilience into the lives and relationships of those within the community so they in turn can bring the benefits of resilience to the worlds economic social and physical systems on a global scale. Every leader works within a structure that supports direction activity and the creation of value. These structures can become too stiff and it is the enlightened leader who refreshes formal policies and procedures in ways that promote success. The best leaders have vision with a clear understanding of which elementsin terms of processes skills labor and directionreally matter. Then they espouse new programs reintegrate pieces of the organization and redirect as necessary. 2021 The best leaders have vision with a clear understanding of which elements really matter. l e a d e r s h i p WORKING AT THE INTERFACETHE COMPLEX CHALLENGES OF OUR TIMES require solutions that combine the skills tools perspectives and knowledge of people from a variety of disciplines. Bringing together people from different fields and providing startup funding that will catalyze their collaboration is the purpose of the new Knowledge and Innovation Program KIP of Rensselaers Office of Research. To get things started KIP has awarded four grants to spur multidisciplinary research in the areas of the built environment environmental resilience advanced cyberinfrastructure and bio-innovation. In addition to acting as an idea incubator helping researchers move from concept to funded research KIP is structured to serve as a catalyst for collaboration across Rensselaers five schools according to Jonathan Dordick vice president for research. Proposed projects pair science engineering and architecture with business and the humanities. Each project is supported with up to 100000 in funding as well as necessary support from the Office of Research. The level of funding is far above typical seed grants at most universities which will result in broader teams and faster impact Dordick said. Among the projects initially funded by KIP is the develop- ment of a computational tool that integrates data about a microbiome with that of its ambient environment. A team of microbiologists biological engineers data scientists social scientists and architects will focus on characterizing and predicting the responses of natural and engineered microbial communities to changing environmental condi- tions. Microbial communities are present everywhere from natural ecosystems to our bodies. Disrupting the fine bal- ance that exists within these microbial communities poses risks to the environment and human health. Unfortunately microbial communities are poorly understood as are their responses to global change infrastructure modification and other stressors. The team will combine information on the behavior and composition of microbial communities with environmental factors using a novel approach to data aggregation visualization and computation. The research performed through this KIP seed project will lead to predictive models that capture the behavior of an entire ecosystem. This in turn could be used to improve our understanding of the impact of microbiomes on daphnia phytoplankton fragilaria environmental diversity and generate new tools such as microbial diagnostics which relate the microbes and the environment in patients digestive systems to their health and treatment. Another KIP project brings together collaborators from varying disciplines to create a 3-D model of plankton distribution in Lake George. An aquatic ecologist wants to track the distribution of plankton species while a computer scientist is developing pattern recognition software that identifies animals in ordinary photographs. Thanks to KIP those scientists are teaming up with digital artists to develop 3-D models of plankton distribution based on information captured by a towed submersible sensor. The towable sensor software and visualization tools will provide the Jefferson Project at Lake George with previously unavailable information at the interface between the physical and biological processes within the lake. Although the Jefferson Project employs sophisticated sensor systems to detect physical and chemical changes over space and time information on the distribution of plankton currently relies on labor-intensive manual water sampling and identification of plankton under a micro- scope. The new technology will be capable of capturing and analyzing up to 100000 images per day. KIP also has funded a semantic digital platform to integrate research at the national level in the sciences and humanities and predictive modeling tools to evaluate environmentally friendly dynamic building designs. KIP is directed toward integrating teams of researchers with the goal of addressing critical problems facing society said Dordick. Through innovative research projects Rensselaer faculty and students at all levels are working at the interface of science technology and the humanities and social sciences to advance solutions to challenges in health care the natural and built environment and predictive data analytics. Results from the KIP research will position Rensselaer researchers to receive support from federal agencies industry and private foundations that will enable truly creative problem solving. 2223 dinobryan spiny water flea 05 02 03 04 01 LIGHT REMARKSWE ARE SWIMMING IN AN OCEAN OF LIGHT according to Professor Mariana Figueiro Lighting Research Center light and health program director. But like fish in water we generally are unaware of and pay little attention to our environment. Figueiro spoke on the effect of light on human health and well-being as part of a three-day TEDMED event that brought together a series of speakers from diverse backgrounds to inspire new possibilities for the future of health and medicine. The talks were attended by an audience of 1000 delegates in Washington D.C. and broadcast live to more than 200000 people in 144 countries around the world. TEDMED an independent event operating under license from the popular and influential TED conference is an annual conference focusing on health and medicine with a year-round Web-based community. Light Figueiro said is the conductor of our internal symphony influencing when we sleep and wake our cognitive abilities how much we eat and even how well our medicine works. Biological rhythms that repeat approximately every 24 hours are called circadian rhythms. Light is the main stimulus that helps the circadian clock and thus circadian rhythms keep a synchronized rhythm with the 24-hour solar day. Humans need to receive a sufficient amount of light for the biological clock to remain synchronized with the solar day. If lack of synchrony or circadian disruption occurs we may experience decrements in physiological functions neuro- behavioral performance and sleep according to Figueiro. Lighting characteristics that are effective to the circadian system are different from those effective to the visual system. In order to apply light to mitigate the symptoms of Alzheimers disease seasonal affective disorder jet lag or sleep deprivation we need a better understanding of the quantity spectrum timing duration and distribution of light that is effective for the circadian system she said. Light isnt just for vision. Light touches our lives in many different ways and yet we take it for granted said Figueiro. Whether we want it or not the sun will set tonight and it will rise again tomorrow. So lets stop taking light for granted and lets start using light to improve our health and well-being. 01 The Lighting Research Center LRC has launched a new collaborative initiativethe Light and Health Allianceto bridge the science of light and health to practical applications and to provide objective information based on basic and applied research. 02 The LRC is researching light as a treatment for a variety of conditions including jet lag insomnia and other sleep disorders seasonal affective disorder and depression. 03 The Dimesimeter was designed to be a small unobtrusive and inexpensive data logging device to record light and activity levels continuously over many days. 04 An LRC study showed that exposure to light could help Alzheimers patients sleep better. 05 A prototype LED lighting system developed by the LRC in 2009 was part of a novel aeroponic growing system for leafy greens. The LED lighting system was designed to control spectral bands intensity and duration of light exposure to increase plant quality and yield. 2425 IN A CONNECTED WORLD environmental catastrophes economic meltdowns emerging diseases and dozens of other disruptions can trigger much larger events that are difficult to recover from. The key to containing disasters is gathering and analyzing data but knowing which data matter and how they might be used is a challenge. Using data from the World Economic Forum annual assessment of global risks researchers at Rensselaer have developed a computational quantitative model of global risk network dynamics. Increasingly the modern world is connected supporting global improvements in economic and manufacturing efficiency and ultimately quality of life. Yet these intercon- nections increase the likelihood that local disturbanceslike food contamination or a disease outbreakwill have a global impact. Such global disturbances also may impact other domains of lifeas is the case when a large power grid failure cripples computer networks a phenomenon known as cascading failures. Despite the dangers they pose the causes of such cross- domain cascading failures are difficult to analyze and there- fore poorly understood said Boleslaw Szymanski director of the Rensselaer Network Science and Technology Center and lead author of the research findings published in Scientific Reports. We found that the WEF experts predict combined probabilities of risk materialization very precisely but more importantly that decomposed risk materialization probabilities are quite static making their yearly assessment unnecessary. Moreover our model enables us to compute new combined risk materialization probabilities of all risks once a new one becomes active any time during a year without waiting for experts to provide their new assessment next year said Szymanski the Claire and Roland Schmitt Distinguished Professor of Computer Science at Rensselaer. Rensselaer graduate student Xin Lin and postdoctoral research associate Andrea Asztalos also contributed to the research. By taking into account network effects immediately when they arise the new model statistically significantly outper- forms the others thus uncovering the full value of the data. Moreover since the internal and external probabilities of risk failures were proven to be static researchers can establish the long-term properties of risks such as contagion potential persistence roles in cascades of failures and the identity of risks most detrimental to system stability and they can study the impact of dynamics on the system. We hope said Szymanski that our model will be used as the starting point to better predictions of the future risk failures and even to planning effective strategies to prevent them improving stability of the global economy. CASCADING FAILURES 2627 Visualization of global risk inter-group connectivity. highest contagion potential lowest contagion potential Group 1 Group 3 Group 4 Group 2 KUDOS KUDOS KUDOSENDEAVORS ACROSS RENSSELAER ARE GETTING NATIONAL ATTENTION. Forbes chose the Institute as 12th among its most entrepreneurial universities for 2015. The magazine ranked the countrys most entrepreneurial schools based on the numbers of alumni alumnae and students who have identified themselves as founders and business owners on LinkedIn adjusted to total student body size. Rensselaer students have access to a wide range of learn- ing tools and resources to help develop and pursue entre- preneurial thinking and innovative opportunities said Thomas Begley dean of the Lally School of Management. The creativity skill sets and critical thinking we instill combined with the help and guidance we provide through the Paul J. 69 and Kathleen M. Severino Center for Technological Entrepreneurship are primary reasons why so many of our alumni and alumnae become successful entrepreneurs. In addition to students alumni and alumnae who have launched businesses Rensselaer faculty members also are combining their research with entrepreneurial activity. Many have launched companies in the area. In an article by Business Insider our computer science and engineering schools were ranked among the top 50 in the United States. According to their website the ranking is based on a survey of Business Insider readers asking which degrees they deem most valuable. As the publication noted not only are RPI graduates prepared to handle pro- fessional engineering positions theyre ready to prove it. Last year 58 percent of students graduated with a full-time job offer and another 18 percent had plans to attend gradu- ate school. Top employers for the Class of 2014 include Schlumberger Deloitte Boeing and General Electric. The Princeton Review has again named Rensselaers Games and Simulation Arts and Sciences program GSAS as one of the top 25 video game design programs. Rensselaer is number 11 on the list this year moving up from last years number 18 spot. Robert Franek Princeton Review senior VPpublisher said For students aspiring to work in the burgeoning field of game design we strongly recommend Rensselaer and each of the other schools that made our 2015 lists. They have exceptional professors and awesome state-of-the-art facili- ties. Collectively these schools have graduated legions of the industrys most successful video game designers developers artists and entrepreneurs. GSAS also was recognized by Animation Career Review which placed the program at number eight on its list of top game design programs in the United States. In addition Animation Career Review recognized the GSAS program in its animation rankings list. The program came in at number 32. Elsewhere on campus the School of Architecture has been ranked the 14th best undergraduate program in the nation by the journal DesignIntelligence. In addition Dean of Architecture Evan Douglis was named among the 30 most admired educators in the field of architecture education. Rankings for DesignIntelligences Americas Best Architecture Design Schools 2015 list were based on surveys of architecture and design professionals which asked several questions including In your firms hir- ing experience in the past five years which schools are best preparing students for success in the profession DesignIntelligence also ranked the School of Architecture as the 9th best undergraduate program nationwide for edu- cating students about construction methods and materials. 01 The annual GameFest celebrates the work of students in the Games and Simulation Arts and Sciences program. 02 Rensselaer graduates Casey Hoffman Ph.D. 12 and Jaron Kuppers Ph.D. 12 founded Vistex Composites which has a patented process for curing advanced composites. 2829 01 02 ASSISTING THE MARGINALIZED WHILE MY RESEARCH IN THE LAB AND TEACHING AT RENSSELAER ARE IMPORTANT THE WORK I WILL DO AT USAID IS ON A LARGER CANVAS THAT CAN HAVE INTERNATIONAL IMPACT. MEMBERS OF THE RENSSELAER COMMUNITY often take roles in public service and work on challenges that are national and international in scope. Over the years one pathway to such participation has been the Science Technology Policy Fellowship which is awarded through the American Association for the Advancement of Science AAAS. Recently Lee Ligon associate professor of biological sciences and member of the Rensselaer Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies was named a recipient of this fellowship. With this support she is set to serve for one year at the U.S. Agency for International Development USAID in Washington D.C. While at USAID Ligon will work on international human rights policy specifically advancing lesbian gay bisexual transgender and intersex LGBTI inclusive development. The initiative is an extension of the agencys history of advancing human rights by supporting and assisting marginalized and vulnerable populations and promotes LGBTI-equality efforts through the integration of rights and empowerment in policies and programming. As part of the Science Technology Fellowship Program Ligon will learn about governance and policy and in turn offer her analytical skills and scientific thought process to policymakers. I want to learn more about how the university enterprise fits into the broader picture part of which is about how government and international policy works and how that realm functions said Ligon. This fellowship is an edu- cational experience for me but there is also a public ser- vice aspect. While my research in the lab and teaching at Rensselaer are important the work I will do at USAID is on a larger canvas that can have international impact. Ligon said that she was motivated to apply for the fel- lowship in part by her experience in communicating the importance of science and basic science research to a general audience. For example she has worked with the American Cancer Societywhich funds part of her researchspeaking at society-sponsored Relay for Life and Making Strides Against Cancer events and she also serves on the Public Information Committee of the American Society for Cell Biology. DIMENSIONS OF DATATHE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION HAS AWARDED 15 MILLION to a team of environmental and earth science data researchers including researchers at Rensselaer who are providing tools and infrastructure that improve access to vast amounts of scientific data through the NSFs Data Observation Network for Earth DataONE. DataONE is a distributed cyberinfrastructure that meets the needs of science and society for open persistent robust and accessible Earth observational data. DataONE has increased dramatically the discoverability and accessibility of diverse yet interrelated Earth and environmental science data. In doing so it has enhanced the efficiency of research and enabled scientists policymakers and others to address more easily complex questions about our environment and our role within it. The Rensselaer team provides foundational knowledge representation and reasoning research according to Deborah McGuinness director of the Rensselaer Web Science Research Center and Tetherless World Senior Constellation Chair and professor of computer science and cognitive science. This work improves search and discovery helping users to find relevant content among a massive heterogeneous catalog of data about the Earth. Increasingly people the world over are facing social technological and environmental challenges associated with climate variability altered land use population shifts and changes in resource availability for example food water and oil. Earth and environmental scientists are concerned with understanding the interactions of organisms with one another and with their physical and chemical environment. The work is interdisciplinary by nature and researchers integrate information from multiple fields to explore questions and propose solutions to an array of environmental problems. Researchers policymakers and others need access to open available persistent well-described and easily discovered Earth observational data. These data form the basis for informed decision-making and wise management of resources. As ecology evolves into a more data-intensive science the ability to discover integrate and analyze massive amounts of disparate infor- mation becomes critical alongside a requirement to equip researchers with the skills necessary to manage data effectively. 3031 Our students are likely to face more unanticipated challenges than any previous generation. They will be forced to reinvent themselves repeatedly and they will find themselves in situations that with all their imaginations they could not predict. Our role is to prepare them to serve and make contributionsand often lead the way despite uncertainty. Fundamentally this means they need to have world-class understanding of their fields of endeavor. There is no easy way to accomplish this but Rensselaer has always set the bar high for its students. We also demand much of all those who instruct mentor advise and inspire our students. Our people understand what an important responsibility they have and we have both the people and the programs to accomplish this mission. Experiencesomething that has deep roots in the culture of Rensselaeris also a key to building resilience in our students. Dealing with real-world problems provides complete contexts for analysis and development of solutions. This practice provides templates for taking on future challenges but it also provides other things. The first is a transformative level of confidence. The research project work studies and co-op opportunities that are part of the Rensselaer experience are aggressive and ambitious. The achievements of our students are real and involve taking on difficult endeavors so their successes are recognized accomplishments. This is something that encourages our graduates in the face of the biggest things the world has to offer. In addition these experiences depend upon working with bright intelligent opinionated people both students and facultywho may take dramatically different approaches and may disagree strongly about which paths will lead to success. Collaboration is not easy under the circumstances but working with the best of people means finding effective ways to build relationships and trust. The more our students are introduced to ways to negotiate nurture listen and appreciate what others with exceptional capability have to offer the better prepared they are for having an impact and making a difference throughout their lives and their careers. 3233 Rensselaer has always set the bar high for its students. s t u d e n t s 01 Rensselaer physics and engineering students built pieces of The Vision Machine installation in collaboration with artist-in-residence Melvin Moti. 02 The Summer Arch will allow students to spend a semester away from campus doing study abroad research internships community service and more. Students studying at the University of New South Wales took time out of their studies to take a dive course at the Great Barrier Reef. 01 02 ETERNAL IMAGESTHE FULL VALUE OF DISCIPLINES only emerges when barriers are eradicated bridges are built and a new blended perspective emerges. Because of differences in languages values cultures and perspectives true collaboration between say physicists and artists is not easy but that is exactly what is being attempted at Rensselaer. A key locus of these endeavors is the Curtis R. Priem Experimental Media and Performing Arts Center EMPAC which was created both as a venue and as a program to create deep interactions between diverse fields. The Vision Machine is a prime example of EMPACs mission to link artists scientists and engineers across the boundaries of disciplines connecting our students and professors with international scholars through EMPACs technological and curatorial resources. When in operation the Machine is a kinetic light sculpture that produces a 20-minute film based on the behavior of light in prisms. Drawing on optics and materials science this optical box harnesses the same physical principles that give rise to everyday atmospheric effects such as rainbows and sun dogs by shining light through a series of rotating prisms and focusing it back onto a wall with a lens. This project is in part artist-in-residence Melvin Motis response to the obsolescence of celluloid film an attempt to create a movie that will still be viewable 50 years from today due to its mechanical rather than electronic construction. The machine consists of four boxes. For one of them a light source shines through a prism and reflects off a series of Mylar-covered panels affixed to a rotating bike chain projecting a kaleidoscopic display on the wall. When all four boxes are running together stacked as a type of kinetic light sculpture within the installations housing they create a cinema that does not require a medium film digital platform etc. to be experienced. Physics and engineering undergraduates helped to build the piece as an independent project with Peter Persans professor of physics applied physics and astronomy. Gears for The Vision Machines specialized motors were 3-D printed and the housing for the light source was designed to minimize escaping light. While the EMPAC stage crew constructed the small room in which the pieces were viewed the students needed to determine how the four separate light boxes would stack and how the remaining effects would be mounted. SUMMER ARCHWITH THE INTENT OF GIVING STUDENTS more opportuni- ties for experiential learning that complement curricular and co-curricular offerings at Rensselaer the Institute has created a new academic plan of study Summer Arch which restructures the academic calendar. Summer Arch more fully develops a hallmark of Rensselaer a student learning experience that incorporates a robust emphasis on developing foundational strength in a chosen field of study. The Rensselaer Plan 2024 articulates our commitment to provide a transformational educational experience that produces gradu- ates with intellectual agility multicultural sophistication and a global view. Rensselaers distinctive Summer Arch aligns with and prepares students to meet the multifaceted challenges of the 21st century said Rensselaer President Shirley Ann Jackson. We are educating the kinds of graduates that the world needs global multicultural and self-aware leaders critical and creative thinkers exceptional communicators and inventive and enter- prising problem-solvers prepared to address great challenges and to seize great opportunities. The Summer Arch builds on Clustered Learning Advocacy and Support for Students or CLASS which is Rensselaers signature approach to the student experience. Through ongoing support guidance and co-curricular activities CLASS connects students to a network of faculty staff and other students ensuring that they are part of a strong community of learners. Under the Summer Arch rising juniors will attend a full summer semester at Rensselaer between their sophomore and junior years followed by either a fall or a spring away semester taken during the students junior year. The away semester allows students to take advantage of the numerous co-curricular and experiential activities available off campus including international experiences internships co-ops research opportunities and engagement in community service projects. 3435 EVERY WINTER weR Bright lights up the trees along 86 Field with environmentally friendly LEDs. weR is very excited to continue our lively tradition of placing lights on the Troy campus around the 86 Field. These lights bring additional brightness and a sense of warmth to the Rensselaer community during the long winter months said Soraya Fouladi 16 weRs chief visionary. weR The Spirit of Rensselaer Society is a student organization supported by the Rensselaer Alumni Association with a mission to build a strong community of students and alumni and alumnae around the Institutes traditions. It was founded to embrace the unique characteristics of school spirit at Rensselaer and named to 1 represent the unity of the campus communities 2 evoke the relation to the color red and RPI 3 provide opportunities for very clever program and collaboration names. THE WAY WE WER WeR which operates out of the Office of Alumni Relations seeks to create stronger alumni and alumnae through its programming. We hope that weR can help connect memories of your time at RPI directly to the school. If its OK with you we just want to bring a little spirit joy and miles of smiles to the RPI community. Lets go Red One program directed by weR presents student projects with broad appeal that offer alumni and alumnae opportunities for sponsorship. For instance the Rensselaer Rocket Society successfully crowd-funded its efforts to assist students of all majors and experience levels in getting hands- on experience with the planning construction and deployment of high-powered rockets. With a nod toward members who want to work for a company like SpaceX or Boeing or who simply have a passion for rocketry this society helps them on their quest by providing all the necessary tools and knowledge for them to succeed. The additional funding is allowing the society to develop bigger and more ambitious projects so the students can fly higher together. 3637 FRESH FORCE FOR GOOD I WAS PROUD TO APPLY MY ENGINEERING KNOWLEDGE TO DELIVER A SYSTEM THAT WILL IMPROVE THE LIVES OF COUNTLESS PEOPLE. A MULTI-YEAR PROJECT aimed at providing a Panamanian village with fresh drinking water has reached its implemen- tation stage. The work done by the Rensselaer chapter of Engineers Without Borders-USA EWB-RPI was critical in determining the success of the teams designs and earning the respect of the community members said Tom Rebbecchi 16 a materials science and engineering major who serves as the organizations professional liaison. EWB-RPI is a nonprofit club of the Rensselaer Union and chapter of the larger national organization of the same name. It is focused on making a difference in the lives of communities around the world. For nearly five years a strong collaborative bond has been formed between the island residents and the Rensselaer organization starting when community leaders initially reached out to EWB-USA eager to improve sanitation and health. Student groups have taken four trips to the island primarily for assessment purposes. While most of the Troy campus was dealing with frigid tem- peratures during the winter break eight members of EWB-RPI traveled to the remote Panamanian island of Isla Popa II to construct a centralized rainwater catchment and treatment system for the islands native Ngbe people. Without access to a reliable source of potable drinking water most community members on the island drink and cook with harvested rain- water contaminated with coliform bacteria. Many Rensselaer engineering students have contributed to the system design and logistics for this international project over the years. To meet the needs of the over 100 children who attend school on the island the EWB-RPI water catchment sys- tem employs two 600-gallon rainwater collection tanks elevated on wooden stands that collect the ample rainwater that falls on the expansive roof of a communal pavilion. While this type of rainwater harvesting method is practiced commonly in the community most families fail to elevate their collection tanks with properly braced stands which would allow for less con- tamination by animals and easier accessibility to collected water. After three years of involvement with the project it was amaz- ing to finally experience the culture of the Ngbe people first- hand by living on Isla Popa II for over a week Rebbecchi said. I was proud to apply my engineering knowledge to deliver a system that will improve the lives of countless people. From long days of work in the mud with my teammates to hiking through rainforests the experiences I gained during this trip will stay with me for the rest of my life. TRANSFORMATION THROUGH INNOVATIONSOME GREAT IDEAS never make it out of the lab. The path from invention to innovation is a perilous one. And even proven innovations with application beyond their origins have a tough time reaching their full potential. Ultimately this is because innovation is a social activity requiring the understanding support flexibility and determination of many people who have essential knowledge authority influence and resources. Masters degree students studying business at Rensselaer are taking their academic knowledge to the next level by learn- ing to identify commercialization pathways for lab research discoveries and inventions through the Masters Scholars Research Program MSRP. More than 50 Lally masters students of the fall 2014 class signed up to be considered for the highly selective program which is being offered by the Lally School of Management. Lally M.S. and MBA students are paired individually or on teams with researchers to help them convert their findings to benefit society. Students partner with Lally faculty as well as faculty in the schools of Engineering or Science. The MSRP program exemplifies the transformative pedagogical innovations that Rensselaer as The New Polytechnic is leading as well as strong collaborative efforts among faculty and students. There is a growing demand among companies for people to build businesses around emerging innovations or leverage technological innovation for competitive advantage according to Gina OConnor professor and associate dean for academic affairs at Lally. This program reflects the unique interdisci- plinary environment and world-class technological research at Rensselaer that provides students the needed skills and experience to commercialize emerging technologies. For example one project is exploring the non-medical applica- tions of sensing technologies. Ashwin Gapchup M.S. 14 and Nathaniel Mason M.S. 14 working with Eric Ledet associate professor of biomedical engineering have worked extensively to identify viable applications for the technology in question in spaces as diverse as construction automotive industrial sensing and wine making. The team intends to continue pursuing possible applications for Professor Ledets technology having won a summer grant to participate in the RPI-Foundry program a weekly entrepre- neurial work group hosted by the Paul J. 69 and Kathleen M. Severino Center for Technological Entrepreneurship. Following the momentum of the MSRP the team has formed Natwin Consulting a venture that focuses on providing business support and technology commercialization services to startups. This multi- and inter-disciplinary educational initiative is opening new doors for students at Rensselaer and allowing them to be transformative said Deepak Vashishth director of the Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies. These students work in teams that seamlessly think and collaborate on translating strong fundamental biotechnology research into new technologies. One MSRP project was led by Kartik Surisetty 15 and Bo Li 15 both members of the MBA program who worked with Ge Wang professor of biomedical engineering on a low-cost CT scanning device. They pursued applications in their home countries of India and China and continue to work on nding rst customer partners. 3839 ImageofalaserwatermodulationcompositionbydoctoralcandidateZachLayton. 4041 ELECTRONIC ARTS DOCTORAL STUDENT ZACH LAYTON a composer performer educator and visual artist has received one of the most prestigious awards in the contem- porary artsa 2015 Grant to Artists from the Foundation for Contemporary Artsin recognition of his groundbreaking work and potential. The 35000 award carries extraordinary weight in part because recipients are nominated and chosen by distin- guished fellow artists via a confidential selection process. Applications are not accepted. As a result in addition to receiving financial support honorees typically benefit from a boost in confidence at a pivotal point in their careers. There are no restrictions on how the grant funds may be used. Previous notable honorees include visual artist Julie Mehretu in 2000 composer John Luther Adams in 1993 writer Susan Sontag in 1986 composer Philip Glass in 1970 and 1974 and composer Pauline Oliveros Rensselaer Distinguished Research Professor of Music in 1990. Layton traces his interest in contemporary and experimental music to his teenage years. He grew up just outside New York City and took advantage of every opportunity to see avant- garde groups such as Naked City and the Lounge Lizards. After earning a bachelors degree in composition at Oberlin College he returned to New York and became a fixture in the Brooklyn arts scene. Layton is the founder and artistic director of Darmstadt Classics of the Avant-Garde a new-musicmedia series held annually in Brooklyn. He has taught at New York University and has been a guest lecturer at Brooklyn College Parsons School of Design and the Columbia University Sound Arts Program. Layton also has performed at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum and has served as curator for ISSUE Project Room an internationally renowned Brooklyn-based performance venue. It was there that he met Michael Century professor of new media and music and Curtis Bahn asso- ciate professor of music compositioninteractive perfor- manceboth of whom influenced Laytons decision to pursue a Ph.D. at Rensselaer. His dissertation focuses on historical and theoretical representations of sound. Layton expects to complete his Ph.D. in 2017. SUPPORTING THE ARTIST PUT THE RIGHT BRAINS TOGETHER AND AMAZING THINGS CAN HAPPEN. That was the idea behind HackRPI a marathon hacking event coordinated by a team of students that included Jacob Martin 16 Jazmine Olinger 16 Robert Rouhani 16 and Sebastian Sarbora 16 along with support from over 60 student volunteers. In this case hack is used in the sense of playful exploratory programming not its alternate meaning as a reference to computer crime. Nearly 500 students from over 60 colleges and universities from the Northeast along with students from several high schools traveled to the Rensselaer Troy campus to participate in the Institutes first 24-hour hackathon. Hackathons are a more engaging way for students to learn about software development than traditional schoolwork according to Sarbora a dual major in computer science and electrical engineering. Hackathons let students explore new technologies and collaborate with one another all while having fun. Martin a dual major in management and computer science said A hackathon is a time and a place for you to make something. It doesnt matter if its a Web app a mobile app a desktop app or something in between. Its also a great way to meet other students who have similar interests in programming or a desire to learn code. For the duration of the event the Darrin Communications Center served as the central hub and temporary homefor avid student hackers focused on creating projects in areas of technology that addressed hardware Web data mobile video game and virtual reality and the humanitarian fields. This year some winning projects included a social media app to connect at-risk LGBT and minority mentees with a mentor a Tweet Typer that pulls down and types out live tweets on a typewriter a Web app that retrieves data from hand gestures using Leap Motion an alarm clock Web service a file programming language and a Web application that makes music listening more social. Due to the timing involved in creating quick projects over an allotted period hackathons also are known for attracting the attention of major technology companies that may often provide career opportunities mentorship food and cash prizes. Representatives from Major League Hacking and several corporate sponsors including Bloomberg Bose Google Microsoft IBM Pitney Bowes TripAdvisor and many more supported the event. CODERS GOTTA CODE 4243 HACKATHONS LET STUDENTS EXPLORE NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND COLLABORATE WITH ONE ANOTHER ALL WHILE HAVING FUN. A C C O L A D E S A N D H O N O R S Francine Berman Edward P. Hamilton Distinguished Professor of Computer Science Shekhar Garde dean of the School of Engi- neering and the Elaine S. and Jack S. Parker Chaired Professor in Engineering and Ge Wang the John A. Clark and Edward T. Crossan Professor of Engineering have been named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science AAAS the worlds largest general scientific society. They were among the 401 newly selected AAAS fellows recognized for their scientifically or socially distinguished efforts to advance science or its applications. Guohao Dai associate professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering recently won a prestigious Faculty Early Career Development Award CAREER from the National Science Foundation. Dai will use the five-year 440000 grant to advance his research into bio-fabricating human tissues with 3-D cell printing technology. Jose Holgun-Veras the William Howard Hart Professor was recently named a fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers. Holguin-Veras is director of the Institutes Center for Infrastructure Transportation and the Environment and the Center of Excellence for Sustainable Urban Freight Systems. He is known as a global leader in the areas of freight demand modeling transportation economics and humanitarian logistics. Heidi Newberg professor of physics applied physics and astronomy shares the 2015 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics with members of two competing teams that discovered Dark Energy. The 51 collaborators from the two teams will split the 3 million prize. The Supernova Cosmology Project of which Newberg is a founding member was cited for the most unexpected discovery that the expansion of the universe is accelerating rather than slowing as had been long assumed according to a news release from the Breakthrough Prize. Peter Fox director of the interdisciplinary Information Technology and Web Science program chair in the Tetherless World Constellation and a professor of earth and environmental sciences computer science and cognitive science has been elected a fellow of the American Geophysical Union. Fox was selected for fundamental contributions and impact in science knowledge representation and establishing the Earth and space science informatics discipline. Nikhil Koratkar the John A. Clark and Edward T. Crossan Professor of Engineering has been honored by the American Society of Mechanical Engineering and Pi Tau Sigma for his pioneering work in the synthesis charac- terization and applications of one-dimensional and two-dimensional nanomaterials. He was given the Gustus L. Larson Memorial Award for exceptional achievement in the science and technology of graphene and carbon nano- tubes leading to important breakthroughs in nanotechnology energy and sustainability. Robert Linhardt the Ann and John H. Broadbent Jr. 59 Senior Constellation Professor of Biocatalysis and Metabolic Engineering and Jonathan Dordick vice president for research and the Howard P. Isermann Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering have been named fellows of the National Academy of Inventors NAI. The recognition is reserved for academic inventors who have demonstrated a prolific spirit of innovation in creating or facilitating outstanding inventions that have made a tangible impact on quality of life eco- nomic development and the welfare of society according to the NAI. Zvi Rusak professor of mechanical aerospace and nuclear engineering has been named a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Rusak was recognized for his contributions to the field of fluid mechanics including research that informs the aerodynamic design of aircraft. Rusak who has published more than 250 papers has made seminal con- tributions to the understanding of fluid flows the science of liquids and gases in motion. John Tichy professor of mechanical aerospace and nuclear engineering has received the Mayo D. Hersey Award from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers ASME. This award recognizes distinguished and continued contributions related to lubrication science and engineering. Tichy is an ASME fellow an STLE fellow the national tribology society a past chairman of the ASME Tribology Division and the former technical editor of the ASME Journal of Tribology. Leo Q. Wan assistant professor of biomedical engineering has won a five-year 2.4 million New Innovator Award from the National Institutes of Health to support his pioneering research in left-right asymmetry of the cell in embryonic development. This award is reserved for early-stage investigators who propose highly innovative approaches to major challenges in biomedical and behavioral research. Russell Weinstein assistant professor of eco- nomics has received a 2015 Upjohn Institute Early Career Research Award for his work on the labor market effects of the relocation of financial firms to Delaware in the 1980s. The W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research is a private nonprofit nonpartisan independent research organization devoted to investigating the causes and effects of unemployment. Lirong Xia assistant professor of computer science has won a prestigious Faculty Early Career Development Award CAREER from the National Science Foundation NSF Division of Information Intelligent Systems. Xia will use the five-year 525000 grant to investigate computational mechanisms that improve individual contributions to collective decision- making processessuch as news rankings including crowd-sourcing in the presence of online noise answers. Bulent Yener professor of computer science and founding director of the Data Science Research Center has been named a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE. The IEEE cited Yener for contributions to network design optimization and security. C H A I R E D P R O F E S S O R S H I P S Suvranu De a computational mechanics expert has been named the J. Erik Jonsson 22 Distinguished Professor of Engineering. Chanaka Edirisinghe a recognized leader in the areas of finance quantitative finance and management science has been named the Kay and Jackson Tai 72 Senior Professor in the Lally School of Management. R E N S S E L A E R H O N O R S DAVID M. DARRIN 40 COUNSELING AWARD David Bell associate professor of architecture. The income from an endowment established by the late David M. Darrin 40 is awarded annually to a member of the faculty who has made unusual contributions in the counseling of students. Nominations are by students and the recipient is chosen by Phalanx the student honor society. JAMES M. TIEN 66 EARLY CAREER AWARD FOR FACULTY Guohao Dai associate professor of biomedical engineering. The award honors productivity in both teaching and research with outstanding achievement in one of these areas. JEROME FISCHBACH 38 FACULTY TRAVEL GRANT Zvi Rusak professor of mechanical aerospace and nuclear engineering. The award recognizes contributions faculty members have made to the education and motivation of students. WILLIAM H. WILEY 1866 DISTINGUISHED FACULTY AWARD James Hendler Tetherless World Constellation Senior Professor and professor of computer science. Established by Edward P. Hamilton Class of 1907 in memory of William H. Wiley Class of 1866 the award honors those who have won the respect of the faculty through excellence in teaching productive research and interest in the totality of the educational process. CLASS OF 1951 OUTSTANDING TEACHING DEVELOPMENT GRANT Sandipan Mishra assistant professor of mechanical aerospace and nuclear engineering. The fellowship was established by the Class of 1951 to commend faculty members for their outstanding accomplishments in education. RENSSELAER ALUMNI ASSOCIATION TEACHING AWARD Thomas Sharkey associate professor of industrial and systems engineering. The award was created to recognize current members of the Rensselaer faculty for their outstanding teaching techniques contributions to the cam- pus experience and commitment to students. TRUSTEES OUTSTANDING TEACHER AWARD Sibel Adali professor of computer science. The award was established in 1994 to recognize outstanding accomplishments in classroom instruction. FACULTYDISTINCTIONSATAGLANCE N E W A C A D E M I C O F F E R I N G S 2014 2015 Psychological Sciences minor Neuroscience concentration in Biology Writing for Games concentration in Games Cognitive Science concentration in Information Technology and Web Science Computation Physics concentration in Physics Chemical Biology new track in B.S. Chemistry S T U D E N T S Fall 2015 7113 enrolled students including 5781 resident undergraduates 1020 resident graduate students 218 working professionals 94 non-matriculated students F A C U L T Y Fall 2015 483 total faculty members including 419 full-time faculty of which 348 are tenured or tenure track 64 part-time faculty R E S E A R C H E X P E N D I T U R E S Fiscal 2015 80.4 million in research expenditures including 63 million from federal sources 9 million from state sources 5.4 million from corporate sources 3 million from other sources This year we have begun a new approach to campuswide conversation by instituting a theme for the yearresilience. We have asked our students and faculty to consider what resilience means and how to foster flexibility and inventiveness in their work and professional and personal livesso that they can help to build resilience into economic social and physical systems on a global scale. 4445 CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD The Honorable Arthur J. Gajarsa 62 B.S. M.A. J.D. Senior Counsel Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hall and Door LLP PRESIDENT The Honorable Shirley Ann Jackson S.B. Ph.D. D.L. Hon. D.Sc. Hon. NAE ACTIVE TRUSTEES George Campbell Jr. B.S. Ph.D. D.Sc. Hon. D.H.L. Hon. President Emeritus The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art John W. Carr 77 B.S. M.S. J.D.MBA Retired Partner Simpson Thacher Bartlett Wanda Denson-Low 78 B.S. J.D. Former Senior Vice President Office of Internal Governance The Boeing Company Gary T. DiCamillo 73 B.S. MBA Partner Eaglepoint Advisors Frank M. Fischer 64 B.M.E. M.M.G. Chief Executive Officer NeuroPace Inc. Arthur F. Golden 66 B.S. J.D. Partner Davis Polk Wardwell LLP Michael E. Herman 62 B.M.T. MBA Ph.D. Hon. General Partner Herman Family Trading Company David M. Hirsch 65 B.E.E. MBA Managing Director Mustang Partners LLC John E. Kelly III 78 B.S. M.S. Ph.D. D.H.L. Hon. Former Senior Vice President Solutions Portfolio and Research IBM Corporation Jeffrey L. Kodosky 70 B.S. Business Technology Fellow National Instruments Mark M. Little 82 B.S. M.S. Ph.D. Former Senior Vice President and Chief Technology Officer General Electric Company William L. Meaney 82 B.S. President and Chief Executive Officer Iron Mountain Inc. Nancy S. Mueller B.S. Founder Nancys Specialty Foods Sean OSullivan 85 B.S. Managing Director SOSventures International Daniel T. Pickett III 90 B.S. Co-founder CEO and Chairman of the Board nfrastructure Curtis R. Priem 82 B.S.E.E. Founder and Former Chief Technical Officer NVIDIA Corp. Janet C. Rutledge 83 B.S. M.S. Ph.D. Vice Provost and Dean of the Graduate School University of Maryland Baltimore County Linda S. Sanford 75 B.S. M.S. NAE Former Senior Vice President Enterprise on Demand Transformation and Information Technology IBM Corporation Paul J. Severino 69 B.S. Founder and Former Chairman Bay Networks Paula L. Simon 68 B.S. M.S. MBA Former Chief Information Officer Central Synagogue Secretary of the Board Srinivasan Siva Sivaram 85 B.E. M.S. Ph.D. Executive Vice President Memory Technology SanDisk Jackson P. Tai 72 B.S. MBA Former Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer DBS Group Holdings Ltd. DBS Bank Ltd. Edward J. Zander 68 B.S. MBA Former Chairman Motorola Inc. Ronald J. Zlatoper 63 Admiral USN Ret. B.S. M.S. D.Eng. Hon. The Estate of James Campbell Vice Chair of the Board TRUSTEES EMERITI Harlan E. Anderson B.S. M.S. General Partner Anderson Investment Co. Cornelius J. Barton 58 B.S. M.S. Ph.D. Former President and Chief Executive Officer Dorr-Oliver Inc. Thomas R. Baruch 60 B.M.T. J.D. Founder and Managing Director Baruch Future Ventures LLC John H. Broadbent Jr. 59 B.S. MBA Founder Director and Former Chief Financial Officer Vice PresidentFinance and Treasurer Arrow International Inc. Robert P. Bozzone 55 B.S. M.S. Chairman of the Board Allegheny Teledyne Inc. Mary L. Good B.S. M.S. Ph.D. NAE Dean Emeritus and Special Assistant to the Chancellor Donaghey College of Information Science and Systems Engineering University of Arkansas at Little Rock Samuel F. Heffner Jr. 56 B.Arch. Principal Heffner Weber Honorary Chairman of the Board Edward E. Hood Jr. B.S. M.S. NAE Vice Chairman and Executive Officer Retired General Electric Co. Chair Emeritus of the Board Howard P. Isermann 42 B.S. Former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer NOVAROME Inc. Robin B. Martin 71 B.S. M.S. D.H.L. Hon. Former President and Chief Executive Officer Deer River Group LLC Francis L. McKone 63 B.S. M.S. Former Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Albany International Corp. G. Robert Tod 61 B.M.E. MBA Former President and Chief Operating Officer CML Group Inc. HONORARY TRUSTEES Howard Blitman 50 B.S. M.S. P.E. Owner and President Blitman Building Corporation John Nigro Owner Nigro Companies Robert O. Swanson 58 B.S. Former Director and Executive Vice President Mobil Corporation EX-OFFICIO The Honorable Patrick Madden B.A. J.D. Mayor of Troy As of January 2016 BOARDOFTRUSTEES Cover and section opener images by Zach Layton. Zach Layton is a guitarist composer curator educator and visual artist who is currently working toward a Ph.D. in electronic arts at Rensselaer. His dissertation focuses on historical and theoretical representations of sound. Working across mediums of sound photography and the projected image Laytons work explores processes of vibration inscription and the topology of acoustic space. Laytons work is an apt representa- tion of the theme of resilience that the Institute has chosen for this year. We have asked our students faculty and staff to consider the meaning of resilience and to deliberate the importance of flexibility and inven- tivenesswith the ultimate goal of helping them to build resilience into our economic social and physical systems on a global scale. RESILIENCE IS THE ABILITY TO MAINTAIN INTEGRITY IN THE FACE OF CHALLENGES. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 110 8th Street Troy NY 12180-3590 USA www.rpi.eduwhy not change the world